ADHD (Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder) has attracted significant research attention. This is a common observation; in certain countries, in young adulthood, ADHD, alcohol, and other substance use disorders are common. But the question is, how do ADHD symptoms relate to typical personality traits in adults?
What is ADHD?
Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a complex multidimensional neurodevelopmental syndrome thought to develop in childhood. It is characterized by its clinical diagnosis, symptoms of difficulty managing impulsive actions, hyperactivity, and inattention that are incredibly inappropriate, continuous, and pervasive that might persist throughout adolescence and adulthood.
This is the common observation that adults with ADHD are more likely to experience behavioral and mental health issues and social and familial difficulties.
The famous saying is:
The absence of disease is not health. True health is the desire to overcome adversity and use even the most difficult conditions to grow and develop. Health is the ongoing renewal and rejuvenation of life.”
ADHD affects up to 5% of primary school-aged children in the United States. Both genetics and environment contribute to the development of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). If it was not treated, then it might be possible that children with ADHD experience a variety of adverse psychosocial effects throughout their lives.
According to epidemiological data, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder is underdiagnosed in children and girls with inattentive subtypes. Research and clinical experience indicate that teachers play a significant role in identifying and referring children suffering from ADHD. When teachers become aware of these issues, they are typically the first to notice and consult the parents.
The fourth edition of the Manual of Mental Disorders categorizes ADHD into three subtypes distinguished by the symptoms most evident in the individual.
- Predominantly inattentive
- Predominantly hyperactive/impulsive
- Combined (exhibiting symptoms of both inattention and impulsivity).
Moreover according to the recent research, in the united kingdom, the community sample study showed that hyperactive or impulsive subtype of ADHD was extremely rare (4 per cent of 10-year old children) compared to inattentive(36 per cent) and combined (60%) subtypes.
Maladaptive behavior is prevalent before the age of 7 years in all subtypes, which is inconsistent with the child’s developmental stages and negatively influences social interactions.
What causes ADHD?
There are many causes behind Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. Firstly, genetics is the most critical contributor to the cause of this disease. The ADHD genes are inherited from parents to children.
Secondly, neurologically compromising episodes or early brain traumas damage the specific brain areas associated with the traits of ADHD, including the prefrontal cortex, cerebellum, and basal ganglia.
Thirdly, several causes of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder arise during pregnancy which are described as follows:
- Maternal alcohol consumption.
- Tobacco use by mother.
- Other toxic substances such as mercury and malnutrition are contributing factors to ADHD.
- Maternal medical illnesses such as diabetes and elevated phenylalanine levels (cause phenylketonuria (PKU) in the mother or the baby.
Moreover, various biohazards, such as stroke, head trauma, tumors, and lead poisoning in the first years of life, can occur after birth. Food coloring also influences a small number of children or poor nutrition, such as low levels of iron, and peer influences increase the risk for ADHD.
What are ADHD symptoms?
Although symptoms of ADHD have been extended developmentally. But the question is, how do ADHD symptoms relate to typical personality traits in adults? ADHD is one of the most widely diagnosed and discussed child psychiatric syndromes in the United States.
Here are the symptoms of ADHD Inattentive, hyperactive, impulsivity, daydream obsession, finding it difficult to resist temptation, forgetting or misplacing things frequently, wiggling or fidgeting excessively, finding it difficult to take turns, talking incessantly, making stupid blunders, finding it incredibly difficult to get along with others.
Factors of risk :
As far as my thoughts are concerned prenatal genes, parental risks, environmental toxins, and psychosocial factors have been identified as potential risk factors.
Is ADHD a disability?
Yes, In the United States, ADHD is considered a disability under the Rehabilitation 1973 act and ADA law (Americans with Disabilities Act) but with rigorous stipulations. If ADHD affects someone’s ability to work in the public sector, it is considered a protected disability. If ADHD does not affect someone’s ability to work in society, then the state governments will not facilitate them with any benefits.
Is ADHD genetics?
ADHD runs in families, and it’s thought that the genes you acquire from your parents have a crucial role in developing the disorder. According to research, siblings and parents of children diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder are probably to have the disorder themselves. However, the inheritance of ADHD is complicated, and it is not believed to be caused by a single genetic disorder. These genetic consequences can express themselves in a variety of ways.
Different modes of Genetic effect on ADHD:
The first occurs through inheritance, and ADHD genes are inherited from parents. The second way of genetic influence on disorder expression is when new (de novo) mutations emerge in children’s genes that do not exist in either parent’s genome. A third occurs through gene-by-gene interaction. As a result, if one risk gene for ADHD is inherited, the chances of developing the ADHD disorder increase.
Genetics influences disorder expression through interactions between genes and the environment. The expression of these genes interacts with another factor in the environment to enhance the risk for ADHD.
The Bottom Line:
So, in the bottom line, I must say that attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, alcohol, and other substance use disorders are common. This is one of the most widely diagnosed and widely discussed children’s psychiatric syndromes. There are many causes behind ADHD, such as genetics, neurologically compromising episodes, stroke, head trauma, tumors, and lead poisoning in the first years of life.
I would like to add the last point that if we recognize the early warning symptoms such as Inattentive, hyperactivity, impulsivity, daydream obsession, etc., take medications and take care of our bodies. It will bring true happiness, peace, and control of our minds.