ADHD (Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder) has attracted significant research attention. This is a common observation, in certain countries, in young adulthood, ADHD, alcohol and other substance use disorders are common. But the question is that how do ADHD symptoms relate to normal personality traits in adults?
What is ADHD?
Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a complex multidimensional neurodevelopmental syndrome is thought to be developing in childhood, characterized by its clinical diagnosis, symptoms of difficulty managing impulsive actions, hyperactivity, inattention that are incredibly inappropriate, continuous and pervasive that might persist throughout adolescence and adulthood.
This is the common observation that adults with ADHD are more likely to experience behavioural and mental health issues, as well as social and familial difficulties.
The famous saying is:
The absence of disease is not health. True health is the desire to overcome adversity and use even the most difficult conditions to grow and develop. Health is the ongoing renewal and rejuvenation of life.”
ADHD affects up to 5% of primary school-aged children in the United States. Both genetic and environment are the contributing factors in the development of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). If it was not treated then it might possible that children with ADHD experience a variety of negative psychosocial effects throughout their lives.
According to epidemiological data, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder is underdiagnosed in children and girls with inattentive subtypes, as research and clinical experience indicate that teachers play a significant role in the identification and referral of children who may be suffering from ADHD. When teachers become aware of these issues, they are typically the first person who notices and consult the parents.
The fourth edition of the Manual of Mental Disorders categorizes ADHD into three subtypes which are distinguished by the symptoms that are most evident in the individual.
- predominantly inattentive
- predominantly hyperactive/impulsive
- combined (exhibiting symptoms of both inattention and impulsivity).
Moreover according to the recent research, in the united kingdom, the community sample study showed that hyperactive or impulsive subtype of ADHD was extremely rare (4 per cent of 10-year old children) compared to inattentive(36 per cent) and combined (60%) subtypes.
Maladaptive behaviour is prevalent before the age of 7 years in all subtypes which is inconsistent with the child’s developmental stages and also has a negative influence on social interactions.
What causes ADHD?
There are many causes behind Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. Firstly, genetics is the most important contributor to the cause of this disease. The ADHD genes are inherited from parents to children.
Secondly, neurologically compromising episodes or early brain traumas damage the specific brain areas associated with the traits of ADHD including the prefrontal cortex, cerebellum and basal ganglia.
Thirdly, several causes of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder arise during pregnancy which is described as follows:
- Maternal alcohol consumption.
- Tobacco use by mother.
- Other toxic substances such as mercury and malnutrition are contributing factors of ADHD.
- Maternal medical illness such as diabetes, elevated levels of phenylalanine (which causes phenylketonuria (PKU) in either the mother or the baby.
Moreover, various biohazards can occur after birth, such as stroke, head trauma, tumours, lead poisoning in the first years of life. Food colouring also influences a small number of children or poor nutrition such as low level of iron, peer influences increase the risk for ADHD.
What are ADHD symptoms ?
Although symptoms of ADHD have been extended developmentally. But the question is that how do ADHD symptoms relate to normal personality traits in adults? ADHD is one of the most widely diagnosed and widely discussed child psychiatric syndromes in the United States.
Here are the symptoms of ADHD such as Inattentive, hyperactive, impulsivity, daydream obsession, finding it difficult to resist temptation, forgetting or misplace things frequently, wiggling or fidgeting excessively, finding it difficult to take turns, talking incessantly, making stupid blunders, finding it incredibly difficult to get along with others.
Factors of risk :
As far as my thoughts are concerned the prenatal genes, parental risks, environmental toxins and psychosocial factors have been identified as potential risk factors.
Is ADHD a disability?
Yes, In the United States, ADHD is thought of as a disability under the Rehabilitation 1973 act and ADA law (American with Disabilities Act) but with rigorous stipulations. If ADHD affects someone’s ability to work in the public sector then it is thought of as a protected disability. If ADHD does not affect someone’s ability to work in a society then the state governments will not facilitate them with any benefits.
Is ADHD genetics?
ADHD runs in families, and it’s thought that the genes you acquire from your parents have a key role in developing the disorder. According to research, siblings and parents of children diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder are probably to have the disorder themselves. However, the inheritance of ADHD is complicated, and it is not believed to be caused by a single genetic disorder. These genetic consequences can express themselves in a variety of ways.
Different modes of Genetic effect on ADHD:
The first occurs through inheritance and ADHD genes are inherited from parents. The second way of genetic influence on disorder expression is when new (de novo) mutations emerge in the genes of children that are not existing in either parent’s genome. A third occurs through gene-by-gene interaction. As a result, if one risk gene for ADHD is inherited, the chances of developing the ADHD disorder increase.
The fourth way of genetic influence on disorder expression is interactions between genes and the environment. The expression of these genes interacts with another factor in the environment to enhance the risk for ADHD.
The Bottom Line:
So, in the bottom line, I must say that attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, alcohol and other substance use disorders are common. This is one of the most widely diagnosed and widely discussed children psychiatric syndromes. There are many causes behind ADHD such as genetics, neurologically compromising episodes, stroke, head trauma, tumours, lead poisoning in the first years of life.
I would like to add the last point, that if we recognize the early warning symptoms such as Inattentive, hyperactive, impulsivity, daydream obsession etc, take medications and take care of our body then it will bring true happiness, peace and control of one’s own mind.