These days, the outbreak of the novel COVID-19 affects many people’s lives and causes serious public health issues that are pervasive worldwide. In more than 100 countries, it has contributed to catastrophic results. Public health issues are significant problems worldwide associated with the outbreak of novel Coronavirus that needs solutions. COVID-19 is due to the SARS-CoV-2 virus. The major cause of this viral disease is not following the SOPs instructed by FDA (Food and drug administration ) and WHO.
Read more: https://covid.gov.pk/.
What is Coronavirus?
The new strain of Coronavirus belongs to a large family of viruses recognized as COVID-19 that range from the common cold to more extreme diseases, including the Middle East Respiratory syndrome and acute severe respiratory syndrome. COVID-19 are zoonotic, which means that they spread between humans and animals and are likely to be transmitted to humans from cats and camels.
Figure: Coronavirus Pandemic
The ugly truth about the reasons for the spread of coronavirus
I will discuss the reasons for the spread of this contagious disease in detail and the resolution to this outbreak. There are many causes behind the pervasiveness of this infectious disease. Firstly it spreads when an infected person coughs, sneezes, talks, and breathes.
Figure: Spread of Coronavirus
Do you recognize the early warning signs of Coronavirus symptoms?
The recognition of coronavirus symptoms early is very important, and common symptoms are fever, cough, respiratory syndrome, pneumonia, and breathing difficulties. Secondly, the people who are not following the SOPs instructed by the FDA and WHO have a high chance of getting infected by this contagious disease.
As an embodiment, a survey was conducted by WHO where most people get infected by COVID-19. The main cause of this is not following the SOPs, increased illiteracy rate, and no proper medical facilities such as ventilators and medicines. The highest number of Coronavirus cases found in Sindh, secondly in Punjab, and the least number of cases found in KPK and Baluchistan.
Read more: https://www.worldometers.info/coronavirus/.
How long does Coronavirus Survive?
It is still in the air but remains active for 72 hours on hard, bright surfaces like glass, plastic, and stainless steel. Coronavirus remains contagious in airborne droplets for 3 hours. Research has shown that it survives for 24 hours on cartons, paper, and fabrics.
Resolution of this Coronavirus outbreak :
There are ways out of every problem, but scientists are moving at record speed to create a new coronavirus vaccine, but they may come too late. However, there are innovative solutions to avoid the spread of newly emerging contagious diseases.
Coronavirus testing :
The first solution is to identify the disease outbreak in its early stages. For this purpose, coronavirus testing is very important; after that, locate the area with the high number of COVID-19 cases followed by taking appropriate action in a hazardous area.
In addition to this, practicing the SOPs instructed by FDA and WHO, such as washing hands with soap or alcohol-based hand sanitizer, covering mouth ( face mask) and nose, avoiding crowds, and practicing social distancing, can reduce the chances of infection.
Figure: Coronavirus testing
So, at the bottom of the lines, I must say that the best resolution to the spread of newly emerging COVID-19 infectious disease is practicing the SOPs and identifying Coronavirus at early stages. I would like to add the last point is that if we practice social distancing, wear a face mask, avoid crowded places and follow SOPs instructed by FDA and WHO can minimize this disastrous situation.